Known to many as the Sunshine State in the United States, but also home of the state run lottery, Florida Lottery that is amongst one of the most popular lottery games in the United States. The Florida Lottery operates over 20 ways to win cash that can change your life.
Florida Lotto is a popular draw game offered by the Florida Lottery. It was the last US jackpot lottery game not to directly compete with a multi-jurisdictional lottery until the Florida Lottery joined Powerball on January 4, 2009.
As with all Florida Lottery games, the minimum age to play is 18.
As of September 8, 2009 a total of 963 tickets had matched 6-of-6 in Florida Lotto to win or share a jackpot. Of these, 27 expired, never being claimed by ticketholders.
Game’s beginning (1988–1993)
The game was originally played by selecting 6 numbers from a field a 49. Each play cost US$ 1, and drawings were held Saturday nights at 11:00 pm EST. Players would win prizes by matching 3 or more numbers on their ticket to the 6 selected on Saturday night. If they matched all six, they would win a jackpot that was paid in 20 equal yearly installments (the cash option was not available until 1998.)
Florida Lotto is a pari-mutuel game, where prizes are based on the total number of tickets sold, and the number of winners for each prize level. Originally, 25% of all ticket sales accumulated in the jackpot prize pool. If no ticket were to win the top prize pool for a drawing that prize pool would roll over to the next week’s jackpot prize pool.
Before each drawing the Florida Lottery would estimate and advertise a jackpot based on expected ticket sales. The accumulated prize pool for the jackpot represented the current value of the 20-payment yearly annuity that would be awarded to the winner(s). The Lottery then advertised the total stream of payments such annuity would yield as the jackpot. In weeks where sales figures exceed expectations the Lottery would revise the estimated jackpot figures.
The game’s original prize structure:
|Matches||Avg. Prize||% Of Sales||Odds|
|6 of 6||Jackpot||25.0% + rollover||1:13,983,816|
|5 of 6||$3,523.00||6.50%||1:54,200.8|
|4 of 6||$98.00||9.50%||1:1,032.4|
|3 of 6||$5.00||9.00%||1:56.7|
|Overall odds of winning : 1 in 53.655|
Beginning April 3, 1990, players could elect to use Quick Pick to have a lottery terminal select their numbers.
Same game, bigger advertised jackpots (1993–1999)
On February 6, 1993, the prize structure was revamped to increase the percentage of sales toward the jackpot pool, allowing for a minimum jackpot of $6 million.
The new structure was:
|Matches||Avg. Prize||% Of Sales||Odds|
|6 of 6||Jackpot||33.50% + rollover||1:13,983,816|
|5 of 6||$1,355.00||2.50%||1:54,200.8|
|4 of 6||$62.00||6.00%||1:1,032.4|
|3 of 6||$4.50||8.00%||1:56.7|
|Overall odds of winning : 1 in 53.655|
The game would go unchanged until October 21, 1998, when the Florida Lottery began allowing winners to receive their jackpot in lump sum in lieu of the 20-payment annuity. In order to receive the lump sum winners must make the election within 60 days of the drawing. Players electing lump sum would receive their share of the cash in the jackpot pool. The cash value option was elected for the first time for the October 24, 1998 drawing, as two players split a $12,780,000 (annuitized) jackpot. The cash in the jackpot pool for that drawing was $8,238,609.84. One player chose the 20 annual payments of $319,500 each. Jay Jasperson and Kay Stephens of Tampa became the first jackpot winners to choose lump sum payment; they split $4,119,304.92.
On November 15, 1998 the Lottery increased the length of the annuity option to 30 annual payments. This in effect allowed the Lottery to artificially increase their advertised jackpot amounts without actually increasing the cash in the jackpot pool. The then-new cash option remained. On November 28, 1998 two tickets split the $16,800,000 jackpot; the jackpot cash pool was $8,749,944.72. One player elected to receive a lump sum of $4,374,972.36, while the Moen Family Partnership from Jupiter became the first to select the 30-payment annuity, receiving $280,000 per year. Despite the nearly identical jackpot cash pool as in the October 21, 1998 drawing, the change to the annuity stream allowed the Lottery to announce a jackpot prize of nearly $4 million more.
On January 9, 1999, the Lottery began guaranteeing the estimated jackpot. When sales would otherwise create a jackpot below the estimate, the Lottery would supplement the prize to guarantee the 30-payment annuity. If the jackpot pool exceeds the estimated amount, then the player would receive the larger annuity stream if the annuity is chosen.
Currently, winners have 90 days from the drawing in which to choose the cash option, instead of the original 60.
6/53 begins (1999–present)
On October 24, 1999, the most significant change to Florida Lotto occurred. Four numbers were added to the field to make a total of 53 numbers for players to choose from, increasing the difficulty to win the jackpot. A second weekly drawing, on Wednesday nights, also was added, the first mid-week drawing was on October 27, 1999. The first Wednesday drawing included the new highest number, 53. Because of the twice-weekly drawings, the minimum jackpot was reduced to $3 million.
The current prize structure is:
|Matches||Avg. Base Prize||% Of Sales||Lotto Xtra Bonus||Odds|
|6 of 6||Jackpot ($2 mil starting Jackpot)||31.75% + rollover||No Bonus||1:22,957,480|
|5 of 6||$5,000.00||6.15%||2x, 3x, 4x, or 5x||1:81,409.50|
|4 of 6||$70.00||5.00%||2x, 3x, 4x, or 5x||1:1,415.82|
|3 of 6||$5.00 (guaranteed)||7.10%||2x, 3x, 4x, or 5x(5x guaranteed for limited time)||1:70.79|
|2 of 6||Not a winner||N/A||Free Xtra Ticket||1:8.58|
|Overall odds of winning : 1 in 67.36Overall odds of Lotto Xtra ticket winning : 1 in 7.61 Lotto Xtra Multiplier Odds: 1:4|
Starting with the October 14, 2009 drawing, the 3-of-6 prize minimum prize is $5. Previously, the minimum was $3.50.
On January 19, 2008, the Lottery changed its advertised jackpot policy again. The Lottery announced that all jackpot amounts are guaranteed. The annuity jackpot now is the guaranteed amount announced by the Lottery in advance of the drawing. The lump sum option is fixed at the current value required to fund the declared Jackpot annuity based on the interest rate in effect on the date of the Lotto drawing (or prior business day). If sales exceed Lottery expectations, the Lottery would no longer award the player the additional prize amounts, keeping the surplus in a special prize pool. Shortages are funded from any unclaimed prizes.
Lotto Xtra (2009–)
On October 11, 2009 at 6:00 am the Florida Lottery began sales of Lotto Xtra. The first drawing offering the enhanced prizes was held on October 14, 2009. This feature is similar to Powerball’s PowerPlay option where players can elect to add $1 to each game, multiplying non-jackpot winnings by either 2x, 3x, 4x, or 5x. The odds for each multiplier for each drawing are 1:4. As in Powerball, the multiplier for Xtra is selected by computer and shown on a monitor while the regular Lotto numbers are drawn by a ball machine. Additionally, Florida Lotto tickets purchased with Lotto Xtra win a free play with Lotto Xtra for a 2-of-6 match.
To promote the Lotto Xtra feature, the Florida Lottery guaranteed that Lotto Xtra tickets matching 3 of 6 would have a 5x multiplier through December 27, 2009. The Lottery has extended the promotion; no end date has been set.
Also starting with the October 14, 2009 drawing, the minimum prize for 3 of 6 was raised from $3.50 to $5.
On February 14, 2010, the Florida Lotto minimum jackpot was reduced to $2 million.
On April 14, 2010, Florida Lotto produced its 19th consecutive rollover. This broke the previous rollover record of 18 set on April 3, 2010.
As further evidence of eroding Lotto sales to the Powerball, the Florida Lottery changed the jackpot estimated rules again in mid-2010 to reduce the minimum increase in the guaranteed jackpot between drawings from $2 million to $1 million. The first such $1 million increase was on August 11, 2010, marking the smallest ever increase in the advertised jackpot following a rollover drawing.
As of the drawing on December 21, 2011, Lotto has rolled over 26 straight times, a new record. It was last won on September 14, 2011. The jackpot for December 24, 2011, is $50 million
Largest Florida Lotto jackpot: 6 tickets shared $106.5 million on September 15, 1990, just two years after its launch (the Lottery initially advertised this jackpot at $75 million but raised it thrice; the final estimate was $100 million)
Largest for one ticket: Whispering Pines Lottery Trust of New Port Richey won $81.6 million on March 29, 2000. They elected to receive the lump sum of $38,777,403.46, which was the largest one-time payout the Florida Lottery had made to date
Most Rollovers: $52 million won on April 17, 2010 by one ticket. The jackpot was finally won after a record 19 rollovers
First jackpot: Josie Morre of Port Charlotte won $14,080,000 on May 28, 1988
Largest Unclaimed Prize: Single ticket sold in North Bay Village won $53,700,000 on March 12, 2003 but was never claimed
Largest Lotto Plus prize: Richard Cormier won $18 million for a $8 million jackpot; he bought a $2 Lotto Plus ticket for the drawing of April 18, 2009. Mr. Cormier elected to be paid his winnings in a lump sum; he was awarded $11,025,708
Most jackpot winners in one draw: 3 occurrences where 9 tickets each shared a jackpot: June 24, 1989; November 23, 1991; and July 31, 1993. In the 1991 occurrence, one player claimed 2 of the 9 winning tickets
Smallest Jackpot Prize: $399,600 on June 24, 1989. Nine tickets (see above) shared a jackpot of $3.6 million (cash value). Due to the low jackpot shares, each winner was given a lump sum rather than the annuity value (the only way before 1998 a winner could receive their jackpot share in lump sum
Most winning tickets by one person in one drawing: Regino Musa claimed 3 of 7 winning shares for the February 5, 2005 drawing. Interestingly, Musa’s winning tickets were 3 of 5 winning tickets sold by one retailer; the other 2 were never claimed
Abraham Shakespeare, winner of a $35 Million 2006 jackpot, found buried under a concrete slab in 2010